The 1987 Philippine Constitution And Why It Matters | A Bus On a Dusty Road (2022)

The Philippines has had several constitutions but the constitution that is in force today is the 1987 Constitution. The 1987 Constitution is an important, legally binding document.

The Philipines 1987 Consitution is an essential document for the Filipino people as it outlines their rights while at the same time limiting the powers of the government. The Consitution helps ensure a stable rule of law within the Filipino Society. When you read the 1987 Constitution, you can see that many parts were borrowed or taken from the U.S. Constitution.

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The 1987 Philippines Constitution

Today the Philippines has a constitution that was ratified in 1987. This constitution came into effect after what is knowns as the People’s Power revolution, the EDSA Revolution, or February Revolution.

The People’s Power Revolution was a series of demonstrations in mainly Metro Manila in 1986. As a result of these revolutions, President Corazon Aquino came into power in the Philippines.

When President Aquino came into power, she had three choices to consider regarding the constitution. She could restore the Filipino 1935 Constitution, Reform the 1973 Constitution or pass a new constitution. She chooses the latter or to pass a new constitution.

The Philippines 1987 Constitution is similar to the U.S. Constitution in that it calls for three branches of government – Executive, Legislative and Judicial.

Here is what each of these government branches means in the Philippines:

  • Executive Branch – This branch is headed by the president and his or her appointed cabinet members.
  • Legistative – This is the Senate and House of Representaives who will enact the laws. The legislative has 24 senators and then the House is represented by district representatives.
  • Judicial – The Judicial consists of the Supreme Court and lower courts

The three branches of the government are based on the U.S. Constitution. Each of the branches shares equal power, and all have limited control.

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The limits of power were instituted to safeguard against abusing martial law. The President can still declare martial law, but the martial law will automatically expire after 60 days; Congress can accept or reject martial law rule.

Inside the 1987 Philippines Consitution

The Filipino 1987 constitution is essential as it sets out the rights of the individuals along with the government’s power and authority. It is a constitution that helps hold the Filipino society together and ensures that it doesn’t go into chaos. The Philippines’ 1987 Constitution is essential as it helps to add stability to the Philippines while also outlining the rights of the individuals.

The Philippines 1987 Constitution consists of several sections. The summary for each of these sections are:

  • Preamble – The Preamble introduces the constitution. It follows a lot of the past Philippine consitutions inlcuding an appeal to God.
  • Article 1 – Natiional Territory – The national territory section list out the territory of the Philippines which includes all the archipelgao and all the islands and waters insider the terriotory.
  • Article II – Declaration of Principles and States Policies – The principles and state policies section lists out the basic social and political creed of the Philippines. Most notably is that the Phillipines is a democractic state and the family is the basic unit of the state
  • Article III – Bill of Rights – The bill of rights talks abotu the protections of the people against the abuse of power by the state. This is very similar to many of the provisions in the U.S. Constitution.
  • Article IV – Citizenship – The citizenship section defines who is a Filipino citizen and how a person can become a Filipino citizen.
  • Aritcle V – Suffrage – The suffrage section covers who has the right to vote and how.
  • Article VI – Legislative Department – The legislative section is about the rights of the Congress and House of Represenatatives and the powers that they have.
  • Article VII – Executive Department – The executive section provides for the power of the president, vice president and others. It also covers terms of office and election issues.
  • Article VIII – Judicial Department – The judical section talks about the power and role of the Filipino Supreme Court and lower courts.
  • Article IX – Consitutional Commissions – The constitution commission in the constitution establishes three constitutional comissions that are independent of the three branches of goverment.
  • Article X – Local Goverment – The local govermetn section talks about the autonomy and laws for the local government that is not already listed in the Local Government Code.
  • Article XI – Accountability of Public Officers – The pulbic offiecers section establishes the Office of Ombudsman that is responsible for investigatring and prosecuritng corruption or other isseus of goverment officials.
  • Article XII – National Economy and Patrimony – Article XII lays down the goals and objectives of the Filipino government in terms of wealth distrbution, jobs – essentially how to elevate the lives and livilihood of the Filipino population.
  • Article XIII – Social Justice and Human Rights – Article XIII is about the government giving priority to protect and enchance the rights of the Filipino people.
  • Article XIV – Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Cuture and Sports – Article XIV outlines how the states will oversea and supervise on all these area of life in the Philippines.
  • Article XV – The Family – Article XV recognizes the Family unite a the basic foundation of the nation and gives protections for and within the family unit.
  • Article XVI – General Provisions – Article XVI contains general provisions about things as the National flag, Armed Forces Media and Advertising. its also includes doctrine of sovereign immunity.
  • Article XVII – Amendments or Revisions – Article XVII establishes the way the constitution can be ammended or revised.
  • Article XVIII – Transitory Provisions – Article XVII etablishes a way to allow a clean transition to a new constitution

The Philippines’ 1987 constitution also includes other provisions. It is a lengthy document that covers many aspects of Filipino society and life.

Revising or Changing the Philippines 1987 Constitution

Today it is pretty challenging to revise or amend the Philippines’ 1987 constitution. Because of this, the constitution has received some criticism within the Philippines.

The constitution only outlines three methods or possible ways the constitution can be amended or changed. The three methods are:

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  • Constituent Assembly (Con-Ass)
  • Consitutional Convention (Con- Con)
  • People’s Initative

For these three methods to change the constitution, ratification must require a majority vote in the National Referendum. Since President Aquino, several administrations have attempted to amend the 1987 Constitution, but they could not.

Today there continue to be groups trying to change the 1987 Constitution. But time will only tell if these groups can succeed in changing the constitution where others have continued to fail.

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Related Questions

Why is Filipino spelled with an ‘F’ when the Philippines is spelled with a ‘Ph’?

When people look at the “a”e Filipino, it c”n “ecome confusing because it is spelled with “F” and not with a “Ph” like the Philippines is.

By clicking he’e‘ you can learn more by readingWhy is Fi’ip’no spelled with an ‘F’ when the Philippines is spelled with a ‘Ph’?.

10 Myths Debunked About The Philippines

Some of the myths aboutit’s Philippines are that doctors and nurses can have tattoos, if it’s okay to drink the tap water and whether or not you are allowed to wear shorts in the Philippines. Also, there are some myths that people think everyone in the Philippines is skinny, has no diabetes, and vegetables are one of the main staples of their diet.

You can learn more by reading10 Myths Debunked About The Philippinesbyclicking here.

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FAQs

What is 1987 Philippine Constitution all about summary? ›

The 1987 Constitution established a representative democracy with power divided among three separate and independent branches of government: the Executive, a bicameral Legislature, and the Judiciary.

What is the 1987 Philippine Constitution Article 14 all about? ›

ARTS AND CULTURE

Section 14. The State shall foster the preservation, enrichment, and dynamic evolution of a Filipino national culture based on the principle of unity in diversity in a climate of free artistic and intellectual expression.

What is the main point of 1987 Constitution? ›

The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all.

What is Article 3 Section 3 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Section 3. (1) The privacy of communication and correspondence shall be inviolable except upon lawful order of the court, or when public safety or order requires otherwise, as prescribed by law.

Why 1987 Philippine Constitution is the best? ›

The 1987 Constitution largely preserved the pre-authoritarian political system with a strong presidency and bicameral legislature. It resurrected many provisions from past Philippine constitutions, and is viewed by some scholars as undermining the revolutionary potential of the People Power movement.

Why was the 1987 Philippine Constitution created? ›

Often called the "Freedom Constitution", this constitution was intended as a transitional constitution to ensure democracy and the freedom of the people. The Freedom Constitution provided for an orderly transfer of power while a Constitutional Commission was drafting a permanent constitution.

What is Article 14 Section 19 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution explanation? ›

Article XIV Section 19 of the 1987 Constitution provides that “[t]he State shall promote physical education and encourage sports programs, league competitions, and amateur sports, Including training for international competitions, to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the development of a healthy and ...

What is Article 14 section 3 of the Constitution? ›

No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State ...

What is the meaning of Article 2 Section 14? ›

Section 14 Article 2 of the Constitution provides that, "The State recognizes the role of women in nation building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men."

What is Article 5 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

SECTION 5. No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed.

Is the 1987 Constitution effective? ›

Approved by the 1986 Constitutional Commission on October 12, 1986, the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines was presented to President Corazon C. Aquino on October 15, 1986. It was ratified on February 2, 1987 by a plebiscite. It was proclaimed in force on February 11, 1987.

What does the Constitution say about the right to travel? ›

The right to travel is a part of the 'liberty' of which the citizen cannot be deprived without due process of law under the Fifth Amendment. If that "liberty" is to be regulated, it must be pursuant to the law-making functions of the Congress. ...

What is Article 3 Section 1 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Section 3. (1) The privacy of communication and correspondence shall be inviolable except upon lawful order of the court, or when public safety or order requires otherwise, as prescribed by law.

What is Article 4 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Section 4. Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship, unless by their act or omission, they are deemed, under the law, to have renounced it.

What is the purpose of Section 2 Article 3 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Article III, Section Section 2 – Right Against Unreasonable Arrest, Search and Seizure. The right of a man, together with his love-ones, is protected by the Bill of Rights under Article 3, Section 2 of the Philippine Constitution.

What are the benefits of the 1987 Constitution to the people? ›

In dismantling the dictatorship and in restoring democratic institutions, the 1987 Constitution provided that civilian authority is at all times supreme over the military. It also provided that the Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the state.

Which is the best constitution of the Philippines and why? ›

It has been said that the 1935 Constitution was the best-written Philippine charter ever.

How important is the Constitution for the Philippines essay? ›

Constitution is a very important instrument in a state. It is the regulations acknowledged by the people of a state to preserve and maintain peace and order in the society. Without this, the state will be in chaos. The sovereign power of the state will deteriorate and the government will not be able to function well.

When did the 1987 Constitution became in effect and full force? ›

This constitution came into full force and effect on February 11, 1987, after President Corazon C. Aquino issued Proclamation No. 58, s. 1987.

What is the purpose of the Constitution? ›

First it creates a national government consisting of a legislative, an executive, and a judicial branch, with a system of checks and balances among the three branches. Second, it divides power between the federal government and the states. And third, it protects various individual liberties of American citizens.

Who wrote the 1987 Constitution? ›

THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES – MEMBERS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION. Jose F. S. Bengzon, Jr.

What is Article 14 Section 19 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution Brainly? ›

Furthermore, under Article XIV, Section 19 of the Philippine Constitution, the State shall promote physical education and encourage sports programs, league competitions, and amateur sports, including training for international competitions to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the development of a ...

What is the meaning of Article 14 section 18? ›

ARTS AND CULTURE Section 18. (1) The State shall ensure equal access to cultural opportunities through the educational system, public or private cultural entities, scholarships, grants and other incentives, and community cultural centers, and other public venues.

What is the meaning of Article XIV Section 5? ›

Article XIV, Section 5 [5] of the Constitution also states that The State shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education and ensure that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents through the adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfaction and fulfillment.

What does Article 6 Section 3 of the Constitution mean? ›

Section 3. The supreme court shall have administrative supervision over all the courts of the state. The chief justice shall be elected by the justices of the supreme court from one of their number for a term of five years, and may be reelected for like terms.

What does Article 14 say? ›

1.1 Article 14 of the Constitution of India reads as under: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.”

What is the 14th Amendment Section 3 say? ›

Another section dealing directly with the aftermath of the Civil War, section 3 of the 14th Amendment prohibits those who had “engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same [United States], or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof” from serving in the government.

What is the meaning of Article 2 Section 7 in the 1987 Constitution? ›

Article II, Section 7: "The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self-determination." Republic Act No.

What does Sec 16 Article II of the 1987 Constitution aims at protecting at and why? ›

Sec. 16. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. The aforementioned provision of the 1987 Constitution was espoused by the Supreme Court as enunciated in Oposa, et al.

What is the meaning of Article 2 Section 20? ›

In another section, the Constitution, in Article 2, Section 20, provides: Section 20. The State recognizes the indispensable role of the private sector, encourages private enterprise, and provides ihcentives to needed investments.

What is Article 3 Section 5 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

The right to freedom of religion and belief is enshrined and protected under Article 3 Section 5 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, which provides that: “No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.

What is Article 1 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the ...

What does Article 3 Section 2 of the Constitution say? ›

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

What is the preamble of the 1987 Phil Constitution? ›

We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of ...

What are the changes in 1987 Constitution? ›

Under the 1987 Constitution, a people's initiative cannot introduce constitutional revisions but only amendments. The Court held that changing the form of government, from presidential to parliamentary, or abolishing a house of Congress, such as the Senate, are revisions, which cannot be done by a people's initiative.

Which classification of a Constitution does the 1987 Constitution fall? ›

11. The 1987 Philippine Constitution is thus a conventional/enacted , written, and rigid/inelastic constitution.

What is the importance of right to travel? ›

The right to travel is part of the liberty of which a citizen cannot be deprived without due process of law and only on clear and compelling grounds of national security, public health and public safety as mandated by the Constitution.

Which article is considered the basis for the constitutional right to travel? ›

Because the right to travel is implicated by state distinctions between residents and nonresidents, the relevant constitutional provision is the Privileges and Immunities Clause, Article IV, § 2, cl.

What type of right is right to travel? ›

Shapiro reaffirmed the right to travel as “a right broadly assertable against private interference as well as governmental action.” 49 The right to travel is a “fundamental right” and personal liberty, which the government may not abridge.

What does Article 3 Section 4 of the Constitution mean? ›

Article III, Section 4 reads: “No law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.”

What is Article 3 Section 1 of the Constitution about? ›

The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.

What is the meaning of Article 3 Section 9 Philippine Constitution? ›

- Article III, Section 9 of the Constitution states that private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation. Towards this end, the State shall ensure that owners of real property acquired for national government infrastructure projects are promptly paid just compensation.

What are the 18 articles of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

The Constitution is divided into 18 Articles: National Territory (I); Declaration of Principles and State Policies Principles (II); Bill of Rights (III); Citizenship (IV); Suffrage (V); Legislative Department (VI); Executive Department (VII); Judicial Department (VIII); Constitutional Commissions (IX); Local Government ...

What is Article 2 Section 6 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines declares: The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable. (Article II, Section 6), and, No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.

What does Article 3 Section 3 Clause 2 of the Constitution mean? ›

Section 3 Treason

Clause 2 Punishment for Treason. The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.

What does Article 3 Section 7 of the Constitution explain? ›

The right to information is a constitutionally protected right under Article III, Section 7 of the Constitution, which provides: "The right of the people to information on matters of public concern shall be recognized.

What is importance of the Philippine Constitution to you as a student? ›

The Constitution enables students to remember and embrace their basic rights as a people, and the basic principles by which our society has been organized. Minimizing the teaching of Filipino, Panitikan and Constitution thus robs young learners of their soul as citizens and future leaders.

What is the 1973 Philippine Constitution summary? ›

The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land, and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.

What is the purpose of the Constitution? ›

First it creates a national government consisting of a legislative, an executive, and a judicial branch, with a system of checks and balances among the three branches. Second, it divides power between the federal government and the states. And third, it protects various individual liberties of American citizens.

What is the meaning of Philippine Constitution? ›

Philippine Constitution means the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines adopted by the Constitutional Convention of 1986 on October 15, 1986 and ratified by the People of the Republic of the Philippines on February 2, 1987.

What is the importance of Section 19 Article XIV of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Article XIV Section 19 of the 1987 Constitution provides that “[t]he State shall promote physical education and encourage sports programs, league competitions, and amateur sports, Including training for international competitions, to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the development of a healthy and ...

What is the importance of having a Constitution in every government? ›

A constitution defines and protects citizens' rights from governmental abuse. It also limits and balances government powers vis-à-vis other players and institutions, thereby safeguarding minority rights.

Why do we need a Constitution give 5 reasons? ›

It generates trust and coordination between the government and the citizens. It specifies the type of government for a country and how it should function. It lays down limits on the powers of the government. It lays down the rights and duties of the citizens.

What is the first word of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of ...

What is the importance of the Philippine Constitution in the lives of the Filipinos? ›

The Philippine Constitution is important because it protects our rights.It enables us to have justice and live a beautiful life. It helps us to know our limitations and the right things we should do in order for us to become a good citizen.

What are the main points of the 1973 Constitution of the Philippines? ›

The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land, and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations. SEC. 4.

What are the four main purposes of a Constitution? ›

Defines and limits government powers. Establishes the basic rights of the people that government cannot infringe upon. Details the structure, rules, operating procedures of government. Serves as the supreme and fundamental law of the nation and the state.

What is the importance of Constitution essay? ›

It helps maintain law and order in the country. Without a constitution, there will be anarchy in the state or country. Jellinek has argued that in the absence of constitution, every individual, every institution and even the government itself will ignore law and as a result, there will be 'reign of anarchy. '

When did the 1987 Constitution take effect? ›

Approved by the 1986 Constitutional Commission on October 12, 1986, the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines was presented to President Corazon C. Aquino on October 15, 1986. It was ratified on February 2, 1987 by a plebiscite. It was proclaimed in force on February 11, 1987.

How does the 1987 Constitution guarantee the right to security? ›

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall be inviolable, and no search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be determined personally by the judge after ...

Which classification of a Constitution does the 1987 Constitution fall? ›

11. The 1987 Philippine Constitution is thus a conventional/enacted , written, and rigid/inelastic constitution.

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