THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES – ARTICLE XVIII | GOVPH (2022)

ARTICLE XVIII

TRANSITORY PROVISIONS

Section 1. The first elections of Members of the Congress under this Constitution shall be held on the second Monday of May, 1987.

The first local elections shall be held on a date to be determined by the President, which may be simultaneous with the election of the Members of the Congress. It shall include the election of all Members of the city or municipal councils in the Metropolitan Manila area.

Section 2. The Senators, Members of the House of Representatives, and the local officials first elected under this Constitution shall serve until noon of June 30, 1992.

Of the Senators elected in the elections in 1992, the first twelve obtaining the highest number of votes shall serve for six years and the remaining twelve for three years.

Section 3. All existing laws, decrees, executive orders, proclamations, letters of instructions, and other executive issuances not inconsistent with this Constitution shall remain operative until amended, repealed, or revoked.

Section 4. All existing treaties or international agreements which have not been ratified shall not be renewed or extended without the concurrence of at least two-thirds of all the Members of the Senate.

Section 5. The six-year term of the incumbent President and Vice-President elected in the February 7, 1986 election is, for purposes of synchronization of elections, hereby extended to noon of June 30, 1992.

(Video) The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines - Article XVIII

The first regular elections for the President and Vice-President under this Constitution shall be held on the second Monday of May, 1992.

Section 6. The incumbent President shall continue to exercise legislative powers until the first Congress is convened.

Section 7. Until a law is passed, the President may fill by appointment from a list of nominees by the respective sectors, the seats reserved for sectoral representation in paragraph (2), Section 5 of Article VI of this Constitution.

Section 8. Until otherwise provided by the Congress, the President may constitute the Metropolitan Manila Authority to be composed of the heads of all local government units comprising the Metropolitan Manila area.

Section 9. A sub-province shall continue to exist and operate until it is converted into a regular province or until its component municipalities are reverted to the mother province.

Section 10. All courts existing at the time of the ratification of this Constitution shall continue to exercise their jurisdiction, until otherwise provided by law. The provisions of the existing Rules of Court, judiciary acts, and procedural laws not inconsistent with this Constitution shall remain operative unless amended or repealed by the Supreme Court or the Congress.

Section 11. The incumbent Members of the Judiciary shall continue in office until they reach the age of seventy years or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office or are removed for cause.

Section 12. The Supreme Court shall, within one year after the ratification of this Constitution, adopt a systematic plan to expedite the decision or resolution of cases or matters pending in the Supreme Court or the lower courts prior to the effectivity of this Constitution. A similar plan shall be adopted for all special courts and quasi-judicial bodies.

(Video) The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines Part 5 Article XVI - XVIII

Section 13. The legal effect of the lapse, before the ratification of this Constitution, of the applicable period for the decision or resolution of the cases or matters submitted for adjudication by the courts, shall be determined by the Supreme Court as soon as practicable.

Section 14. The provisions of paragraphs (3) and (4), Section 15 of Article VIII of this Constitution shall apply to cases or matters filed before the ratification of this Constitution, when the applicable period lapses after such ratification.

Section 15. The incumbent Members of the Civil Service Commission, the Commission on Elections, and the Commission on Audit shall continue in office for one year after the ratification of this Constitution, unless they are sooner removed for cause or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office or appointed to a new term thereunder. In no case shall any Member serve longer than seven years including service before the ratification of this Constitution.

Section 16. Career civil service employees separated from the service not for cause but as a result of the reorganization pursuant to Proclamation No. 3 dated March 25, 1986 and the reorganization following the ratification of this Constitution shall be entitled to appropriate separation pay and to retirement and other benefits accruing to them under the laws of general application in force at the time of their separation. In lieu thereof, at the option of the employees, they may be considered for employment in the Government or in any of its subdivisions, instrumentalities, or agencies, including government-owned or controlled corporations and their subsidiaries. This provision also applies to career officers whose resignation, tendered in line with the existing policy, had been accepted.

Section 17. Until the Congress provides otherwise, the President shall receive an annual salary of three hundred thousand pesos; the Vice-President, the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, two hundred forty thousand pesos each; the Senators, the Members of the House of Representatives, the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, and the Chairmen of the Constitutional Commissions, two hundred four thousand pesos each; and the Members of the Constitutional Commissions, one hundred eighty thousand pesos each.

Section 18. At the earliest possible time, the Government shall increase the salary scales of the other officials and employees of the National Government.

Section 19. All properties, records, equipment, buildings, facilities, and other assets of any office or body abolished or reorganized under Proclamation No. 3 dated March 25, 1986 or this Constitution shall be transferred to the office or body to which its powers, functions, and responsibilities substantially pertain.

Section 20. The first Congress shall give priority to the determination of the period for the full implementation of free public secondary education.

(Video) The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines - ARTICLE XVIII

Section 21. The Congress shall provide efficacious procedures and adequate remedies for the reversion to the State of all lands of the public domain and real rights connected therewith which were acquired in violation of the Constitution or the public land laws, or through corrupt practices. No transfer or disposition of such lands or real rights shall be allowed until after the lapse of one year from the ratification of this Constitution.

Section 22. At the earliest possible time, the Government shall expropriate idle or abandoned agricultural lands as may be defined by law, for distribution to the beneficiaries of the agrarian reform program.

Section 23. Advertising entities affected by paragraph (2), Section 11 of Article XVI of this Constitution shall have five years from its ratification to comply on a graduated and proportionate basis with the minimum Filipino ownership requirement therein.

Section 24. Private armies and other armed groups not recognized by duly constituted authority shall be dismantled. All paramilitary forces including Civilian Home Defense Forces not consistent with the citizen armed force established in this Constitution, shall be dissolved or, where appropriate, converted into the regular force.

Section 25. After the expiration in 1991 of the Agreement between the Republic of the Philippines and the United States of America concerning military bases, foreign military bases, troops, or facilities shall not be allowed in the Philippines except under a treaty duly concurred in by the Senate and, when the Congress so requires, ratified by a majority of the votes cast by the people in a national referendum held for that purpose, and recognized as a treaty by the other contracting State.

Section 26. The authority to issue sequestration or freeze orders under Proclamation No. 3 dated March 25, 1986 in relation to the recovery of ill-gotten wealth shall remain operative for not more than eighteen months after the ratification of this Constitution. However, in the national interest, as certified by the President, the Congress may extend such period.

A sequestration or freeze order shall be issued only upon showing of aprima faciecase. The order and the list of the sequestered or frozen properties shall forthwith be registered with the proper court. For orders issued before the ratification of this Constitution, the corresponding judicial action or proceeding shall be filed within six months from its ratification. For those issued after such ratification, the judicial action or proceeding shall be commenced within six months from the issuance thereof.

The sequestration or freeze order is deemed automatically lifted if no judicial action or proceeding is commenced as herein provided.

(Video) Article XVIII - 1987 Philippine Constitution - Audio Codal

Section 27. This Constitution shall take effect immediately upon its ratification by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite held for the purpose and shall supersede all previous Constitutions.

The foregoing proposed Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines was approved by the Constitutional Commission of 1986 on the twelfth day of October, Nineteen hundred and eighty-six, and accordingly signed on the fifteenth day of October, Nineteen hundred and eighty-six at the Plenary Hall, National Government Center, Quezon City, by the Commissioners whose signatures are hereunder affixed.

Adopted:

Cecilia Munoz Palma
President

Ambrosio B. Padilla
Vice-President

Napoleon G. Rama
Floor Leader

Ahmad Domocao Alonto
Assistant Floor Leader

Jose D. Calderon
Assistant Floor Leader

Yusuf R. Abubakar
Adolfo S. Azcuna
Jose F. S. Bengzon, Jr.
Joaquin G. Bernas
Crispino M. de Castro
Roberto R. Concepcion
Vicente B. Foz
Jose Luis Martin C. Gascon
Alberto M. K. Jamir
Eulogio R. Lerum
Christian S. Monsod
Ma. Teresa F. Nieva
Blas F. Ople
Florenz D. Regalado
Cirilo A. Rigos
Ricardo J. Romulo
Rene V. Sarmiento
Lorenzo M. Sumulong
Christine O. Tan
Efrain B. Trenas
Wilfrido V. Villacorta
Felicitas S. Aquino
Teodoro C. Bacani
Ponciano L. Bennagen
Florangel Rosario Braid
Jose C. Colayco
Hilario G. Davide, Jr.
Edmundo G. Garcia
Serafin V.C. Guingona
Jose B. Laurel, Jr.
Regalado E. Maambong
Teodulo C. Natividad
Jose N. Nolledo
Minda Luz M. Quesada
Rustico F. de los Reyes, Jr.
Francisco A. Rodrigo
Decoroso R. Rosales
Jose E. Suarez
Jaime S. L. Tadeo
Gregorio J. Tingson
Lugum L. Uka
Bernardo M. Villegas

Attested by :

Flerida Ruth P. Romero
Secretary-General

(Video) Article XVII - 1987 Philippine Constitution - Audio Codal

< Previous

The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines

Next >

The Philippine Constitutions

FAQs

What is Article 18 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Section 18. The President shall be the Commander-in-Chief of all armed forces of the Philippines and whenever it becomes necessary, he may call out such armed forces to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion or rebellion.

What is Section 18 Article XIII of the 1987 Constitution? ›

The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility between workers and employers and the preferential use of voluntary modes in settling disputes, including conciliation, and shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster industrial peace.

What is Article XVII of the 1987 Constitution? ›

Section 16. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. Section 17.

What is the meaning of Article 2 Section 18? ›

Section 18 Article II of the 1987 Constitution provides that the State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare.

What is 1987 Philippine Constitution all about summary? ›

The 1987 Constitution established a representative democracy with power divided among three separate and independent branches of government: the Executive, a bicameral Legislature, and the Judiciary.

What is the meaning of Article 3 Section 18? ›

SECTION 18. (1) No person shall be detained solely by reason of his political beliefs and aspirations. (2) No involuntary servitude in any form shall exist except as a punishment for a crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.

Who made the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Constitutional Commission of 1986

What is the importance of the 1987 Constitution preamble? ›

It shows powerful messages about our profound roles and responsibilities to every Filipino and our society. As a free nation, we must act and spend our liberty with commitment focusing on the love of country, peace, and unity.

What is the relationship of the 1987 Philippines Constitution in the enforcement of human rights principles? ›

The 1987 Philippine Constitution primarily gave CHR the mandate to protect and promote the rights and dignity of every human being in the country. The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full respect for human rights.

What is Article XVII amendments or revisions? ›

Under Section 1 of Article 17 of the 1987 Constitution, the resolution states that any amendment to, or revision of, the Constitution may be proposed by: (1) The Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths of all its Members; or (2) A constitutional convention.

In what article in 1987 Philippine Constitution provides the guidelines for LGU? ›

The 1987 Philippine Constitution recognizes the right of the local government units to share in the national taxes. Section 6 Article X of the 1987 Constitution provides: "[l]ocal government units shall have a just share, as determined by law, in the national taxes which shall be automatically released to them."

When did the 1987 Constitution take effect? ›

Approved by the 1986 Constitutional Commission on October 12, 1986, the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines was presented to President Corazon C. Aquino on October 15, 1986. It was ratified on February 2, 1987 by a plebiscite. It was proclaimed in force on February 11, 1987.

Which article this section belongs Section 18 The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force it shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare? ›

The 1987 Constitution provides in Article I1 Section 18 that: “Sec. 18. The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force, It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare.”

What is Article 2 Section 2 of the Constitution? ›

The president has the power to pardon (let free) any person who has committed a federal crime, except in cases of impeachment. With permission from two-thirds of the senators present, the president can make treaties (agreements) with other countries.

How many articles are there in the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

The Constitution is divided into 18 Articles: National Territory (I); Declaration of Principles and State Policies Principles (II); Bill of Rights (III); Citizenship (IV); Suffrage (V); Legislative Department (VI); Executive Department (VII); Judicial Department (VIII); Constitutional Commissions (IX); Local Government ...

How important is the Constitution for the Philippines essay? ›

Constitution is a very important instrument in a state. It is the regulations acknowledged by the people of a state to preserve and maintain peace and order in the society. Without this, the state will be in chaos. The sovereign power of the state will deteriorate and the government will not be able to function well.

What are the benefits of the 1987 Constitution to the people? ›

In dismantling the dictatorship and in restoring democratic institutions, the 1987 Constitution provided that civilian authority is at all times supreme over the military. It also provided that the Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the state.

Why is it important to study the Philippine Constitution? ›

The Constitution enables students to remember and embrace their basic rights as a people, and the basic principles by which our society has been organized. Minimizing the teaching of Filipino, Panitikan and Constitution thus robs young learners of their soul as citizens and future leaders.

What is Article 3 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution summary? ›

No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws. To be considered as "illegal", such discrimination must however be in violation of a specific law.

What is Article III of 1987 Philippine Constitution and explain? ›

Section 1. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws.

What is Article III in 1987 Constitution all about? ›

Article III of the Philippine Constitution is the Bill of Rights. It establishes the relationship of the individual to the State and defines the rights of the individual by limiting the lawful powers of the State. It is one of the most important political achievements of the Filipinos.

What is the purpose of the Constitution? ›

First it creates a national government consisting of a legislative, an executive, and a judicial branch, with a system of checks and balances among the three branches. Second, it divides power between the federal government and the states. And third, it protects various individual liberties of American citizens.

What is the first word of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of ...

CAN 1987 Constitution be changed? ›

Under the 1987 Constitution, a people's initiative cannot introduce constitutional revisions but only amendments. The Court held that changing the form of government, from presidential to parliamentary, or abolishing a house of Congress, such as the Senate, are revisions, which cannot be done by a people's initiative.

What are the good citizenship values can we derive from the Preamble of 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

By living according to good citizenship values which we can derive from the preamble of the Constitution Faith in God, Unity, Patriotism, Work, Respect for Life, Respect for Law and Government, Truth, Justice, Freedom, Love, Equality, Peace, Promotion of the Common Good, Concern for the Family and Future Generations, ...

Who wrote the 1987 Preamble? ›

Jump to essay-16It is generally acknowledged that the Preamble's author was Gouverneur Morris, as the language from the federal preamble echoes that of Morris's home state's Constitution.

What is the importance of Preamble in our country? ›

Why is the preamble important? The preamble is not technically a legal document, so the ideas contained within it are not enforceable in a court of law. But, it serves as a reminder of why the Constitution was written - to create laws around justice, defense, liberty, and prosperity for the United States.

What is the importance of human rights in the Philippines? ›

Human rights in the Philippines are protected by the Constitution of the Philippines, to make sure that persons in the Philippines are able to live peacefully and with dignity, safe from the abuse of any individuals or institutions, including the state.

What are the basic rights of workers under the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

It shall guarantee the rights of all workers to self- organization, collective bargaining and negotiations, and peaceful concerted activities, including the right to strike in accordance with law. They shall be entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions of work, and a living wage.

What is the most important right of a citizen in the Philippines? ›

We have the right to life, liberty, security and property. We have the right to a transparent, credible, competent and impartial justice system, free from influence and corruption, where wrongs are redressed and justice is dispensed fairly, speedily and equitably.

How can the Constitution be amended or revised? ›

Article V of the Constitution provides two ways to propose amendments to the document. Amendments may be proposed either by the Congress, through a joint resolution passed by a two-thirds vote, or by a convention called by Congress in response to applications from two-thirds of the state legislatures.

Who can propose a revision in the Constitution of the Philippines? ›

1 that any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution may be proposed by: 1) The Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths (3/4) of all its Members; or 2) A constitutional convention; WHEREAS, Article XVII Sec.

Which is required by the Philippine Constitution of 1987 to have the highest budgetary allocation? ›

(5) The State shall assign the highest budgetary priority to education and ensure that teaching will attract and retain its rightful share of the best available talents through adequate remuneration and other means of job satisfaction and fulfillment.

Which article in the 1987 Constitution provides specific provisions on education? ›

The Constitution, Article 2, Section 17, provided: "The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development."

Which article of the 1987 Philippine Constitution describes the manner of amending the Constitution? ›

THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES – ARTICLE XVII.

Why is it important to have a decentralization of power or local autonomy in the local government units in the Philippines Brainly? ›

“Hence, decentralization encourages prompt responses and better matching of government services to local needs, making governance more inclusive. This is especially true if citizens have effective channels through which their voices are heard to enhance accountability.”

Why was the 1987 Philippine Constitution created? ›

Often called the "Freedom Constitution", this constitution was intended as a transitional constitution to ensure democracy and the freedom of the people. The Freedom Constitution provided for an orderly transfer of power while a Constitutional Commission was drafting a permanent constitution.

How does the 1987 Constitution guarantee the right to security? ›

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall be inviolable, and no search warrant or warrant of arrest shall issue except upon probable cause to be determined personally by the judge after ...

What is the purpose of preamble of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

The preamble of the Constitution provides that we should establish a Government which shall "conserve and develop our patrimony." Our "patrimony" includes our public forests, mangroves, wildlife, and flora and fauna which should be conserved, protected and renewed.

What is the importance of Article 2 Section 18? ›

Section 18 Article II of the 1987 Constitution provides that the State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare. One of the most neglected sectors among health professionals is the rural health physician.

What is the 18th article in the 18 articles of Philippine Constitution? ›

Section 18. At the earliest possible time, the Government shall increase the salary scales of the other officials and employees of the National Government.

What does Article 2 Section 2 Clause 3 of the Constitution mean? ›

Clause 3 Senate Recess

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

What is Article 2 Section 1 Clause 2 of the Constitution? ›

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, ...

What are the Article XVII of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them. Section 16. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.

What is the 17th article in the 18 articles of Philippine Constitution? ›

SECTION 17. The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development. SECTION 18.

When was the 1987 Constitution became officially adopted? ›

Approved by the 1986 Constitutional Commission on October 12, 1986, the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines was presented to President Corazon C. Aquino on October 15, 1986. It was ratified on February 2, 1987 by a plebiscite. It was proclaimed in force on February 11, 1987.

What is Article III in 1987 Constitution all about? ›

No law shall be made respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall forever be allowed. No religious test shall be required for the exercise of civil or political rights.

What is Article 14 Section 19 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Article XIV Section 19 of the 1987 Constitution provides that “[t]he State shall promote physical education and encourage sports programs, league competitions, and amateur sports, Including training for international competitions, to foster self-discipline, teamwork, and excellence for the development of a healthy and ...

What is the purpose of preamble of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

The preamble of the Constitution provides that we should establish a Government which shall "conserve and develop our patrimony." Our "patrimony" includes our public forests, mangroves, wildlife, and flora and fauna which should be conserved, protected and renewed.

What is the importance of the 1987 Constitution preamble? ›

It shows powerful messages about our profound roles and responsibilities to every Filipino and our society. As a free nation, we must act and spend our liberty with commitment focusing on the love of country, peace, and unity.

Who made the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Constitutional Commission of 1986

Why is it important to study the Philippine Constitution? ›

The Constitution enables students to remember and embrace their basic rights as a people, and the basic principles by which our society has been organized. Minimizing the teaching of Filipino, Panitikan and Constitution thus robs young learners of their soul as citizens and future leaders.

What is Article 4 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

Section 4. Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship, unless by their act or omission, they are deemed, under the law, to have renounced it.

What is the importance of Article 14 Section XIV of the 1987 Constitution? ›

Article XIV Section 14 of the Constitution provides that "the State shall foster the preservation, enrichment, and dynamic evolution of a Filipino national culture based on the principle of unity in diversity in a climate of free artistic and intellectual expression."

Which article provision on education is found only in the 1987 Constitution? ›

The Constitution, Article 2, Section 17, provided: "The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development."

What is the title of Article XIV in the 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

ARTICLE XIV - EDUCATION, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ARTS, CULTURE AND SPORTS. Section 1. The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels, and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.

What are the good citizenship values can we derive from the Preamble of 1987 Philippine Constitution? ›

By living according to good citizenship values which we can derive from the preamble of the Constitution Faith in God, Unity, Patriotism, Work, Respect for Life, Respect for Law and Government, Truth, Justice, Freedom, Love, Equality, Peace, Promotion of the Common Good, Concern for the Family and Future Generations, ...

Who wrote the 1987 preamble? ›

Jump to essay-16It is generally acknowledged that the Preamble's author was Gouverneur Morris, as the language from the federal preamble echoes that of Morris's home state's Constitution.

What is the most important part of the Preamble? ›

The single most important part of the Preamble is the first three words, “We the people…” which point out where our government receives its authority from, the people that are governed. The U.S. Constitution was created by the people of one nation, not a monarchy led by a distant tyrannical king.

What is the importance of preamble in our country? ›

Why is the preamble important? The preamble is not technically a legal document, so the ideas contained within it are not enforceable in a court of law. But, it serves as a reminder of why the Constitution was written - to create laws around justice, defense, liberty, and prosperity for the United States.

What is the purpose of the Preamble Brainly? ›

The purpose of the Preamble is to clarify who has made the Constitution, what is its source, what is the ultimate sanction behind it; what is the nature of the polity which is sought to be established by the Constitution and what are its goals and objectives.

Videos

1. ARTICLE XVIII - Transitory Provisions
(Aaron Abraham Atienza)
2. TRANSITORY PROVISION
(Claresse)
3. PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION: Article XVIII Transitory Provisions
(Learning Resources)
4. PREAMBLE AND 18 ARTICLES OF 1987 CONSTITUTION
(Gabriel Bay)
5. Article XVIII About Free Will
(Bill Finn)
6. THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES - ARTICLE XVI
(TADEO, MARCOS)

Top Articles

You might also like

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Cheryll Lueilwitz

Last Updated: 11/15/2022

Views: 6427

Rating: 4.3 / 5 (54 voted)

Reviews: 85% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Cheryll Lueilwitz

Birthday: 1997-12-23

Address: 4653 O'Kon Hill, Lake Juanstad, AR 65469

Phone: +494124489301

Job: Marketing Representative

Hobby: Reading, Ice skating, Foraging, BASE jumping, Hiking, Skateboarding, Kayaking

Introduction: My name is Cheryll Lueilwitz, I am a sparkling, clean, super, lucky, joyous, outstanding, lucky person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.